This issue contains the proceedings of the ?Porous Ceramics:
Novel Developments and Applications? and ?Next
Generation Bioceramics? symposia, which were held on January
24-29, 2010 at the Hilton Daytona Beach Resort and the Ocean Center
in Daytona Beach, Florida, USA.
The interaction between ceramic materials and living organisms
is a leading area of ceramics research. Novel bioceramic materials
are being developed that will provide improvements in diagnosis and
treatment of medical and dental conditions. In addition,
bioinspired ceramics and biomimetic ceramics have generated
considerable interest in the scientific community. The ?Next
Generation Bioceramics? symposium addressed several leading
areas related to the development and use of novel bioceramics,
including advanced processing of bioceramics; biomineralization and
tissue-material interactions; bioinspired and biomimetic ceramics;
ceramics for drug delivery; ceramic biosensors; in vitro and in
vivo characterization of bioceramics; mechanical properties of
bioceramics; and nanostructured bioceramics.
The ?Porous Ceramics? symposium aimed to bring
together engineers and scientists in the area of ceramic materials
containing high volume fractions of porosity, in which the porosity
ranged from nano- to millimeters. These materials have attracted
significant academic and industrial attention for use in
environmental applications, an area where ceramics, particularly
porous ones, play a key role because of their suitable properties.
Therefore, a significant number of contributions, of which some are
present in this volume, was devoted to the fabrication and
characterization of porous ceramics for gas purification (e.g.,
H2 separation and CO2 separation) as well as
to particulate filtration (e.g., diesel engine soot).
A leading area of ceramics research involves the development of
porous ceramics for medical, dental, and biotechnology
applications. For example, porous ceramics are under development
for use as bone substitutes because a porous structure may enhance
tissue ingrowth. Therefore, tailoring of porosity to give specific
characteristics, in terms of the amount of interconnecting cells
and of the cell and cell window size is required. A joint session
involving participants from bioceramics and porous ceramics
symposia was therefore held in order to stimulate discussion and
productive interactions between the two scientific communities.