The Application of Parallel Architectures to Smart Information Systems
This book illustrates important ways in which new parallel hardware
is being used to improve the speed and usefulness of a variety of
information systems. It contains thirteen original papers that
survey the latest trends in performance enhancing architectures for
smart information systems.
The machines featured in the text have been designed to support
information systems ranging from relational databases to semantic
networks and other artificial intelligence paradigms. In addition,
many of the projects illustrated in the book contain generic
architectural ideas that support higher-level requirements by using
semantics-free hardware designs.
The case studies describe add-on machines and performance-enhancing
units that employ parallel hardware to speed up database
operations. Other case studies show how high-performance computers
support database and related software, even though some platforms
were originally designed for scientific or numeric applications.
The last three chapters give examples of machines that are
deliberately designed to speed up a particular knowledge
representation formalism or a particular AI problem solving
paradigm. The information presented throughout this book will help
all those engaged in the design or use of high-performance
architectures for nonnumeric (i.e., symbolic) applications.