The sixth volume in the FIEF Studies in Labour Markets and Economic Policy series is a contribution to the empirical literature on endogenous growth theory, which studies the interrelationships of institutions, government policies, distribution, and growth. After an Introductory overview by the editor, the volume contains four main chapters, each of which is followed by review comments: Alesina and Perotti review recent literature on the
political economy of growth, and discuss such topics as the relationship between income instability and growth, whether democratic institutions and civil liberties influence growth performance, and whether
income inequality hampers growth or not. Hansson and Henrekson study the tendency--predicted by neoclassical growth theory--of per capita income and productivity to converge between countries. They focus on the diffusion of technology and the phenomenon of 'catching up', whereby poor countries copy the production methods and possibily organizational methods in advanced countries. Grier uses a similar neoclassical production-function approach, but
brings in some new explanatory factors for the growth process, including union density, the existence of corporatist as opposed to economically liberal governments, and centralized versus decentralized
wage formation. Analysing four cases of late, successful industrialization (South Korea, Taiwan, Finland, and Austria) Juhana Vartiainen shows that, under certain conditions, decentralized market solutions of the problems of resource allocation are inferior to state planning and corporatism with or without government involvement.